The Jewel in the Crown (MGM British Studios)

If ever there was a ‘Rolls Royce’ of British film studios, it was MGM British, which stood on 114 acres off Elstree Way from 1936 until 1970. For over three decades it produced world-famous films, attracting many of Hollywood’s most legendary stars.

The studio was built in 1936 as Amalgamated Studios but never opened. The facility was purchased by Lord Rank and with the impending onset of war, it was leased to the Ministry of Works.  

In 1944 MGM decided to invest in UK film production and purchased the studio plus additional acreage. After modernisation, MGM launched its film production programme with Edward My Son starring Spencer Tracy.  

The 1950s saw Clark Gable, Grace Kelly, Robert Taylor, Gene Kelly and Elizabeth Taylor filming at MGM. MGM needed a castle for Ivanhoe (Elizabeth and Robert Taylor) and a Chinese village for The Inn Of The Sixth Happiness (Ingrid Bergman and Robert Donat in his final role). So, this being Britain’s Hollywood, the studios built them!

The 1960s were just as busy, filming The Dirty Dozen, whose nighttime backlot explosions kept local residents awake, Stanley Kubrick’s masterpiece 2001: A Space Odyssey, Where Eagles Dare with Richard Burton and Clint Eastwood and low budget but popular efforts like Village Of The Damned and Quatermass And The Pit.  MGM British Studios also played host to television series, the best-remembered being Danger Manthe Gerry Anderson classic UFO and cult series The Prisoner.

By 1970 the studio’s parent company in Hollywood had been taken over and was awash in red ink. A ‘fire sale’ ensued and the 114 acre studio was sold off for under £2 million.  

The buildings were demolished and the backlot developed for housing.  The white clock tower, visible from the nearby A1 and a landmark in our town, survived longer than the rest of the studio, escaping demolition for another sixteen years until 1986 when it was destroyed despite attempts to list it.


2020 will be the 50th anniversary of the sudden closure of MGM British Studios, and Elstree Screen Heritage will be celebrating the many achievements of the studio. Our programme will include a comprehensive account of ‘The Jewel In The Crown’, the result of 50 years of research by local film historian Paul Welsh. To assist us in creating as full an account as possible, Paul would like to speak with anyone with memories of working at MGM British.

If you would like to support us by meeting with Paul, please contact us.


  • Posted 15th February 2020 Peter Hedges 6:19 pm

    Would like to buy copy of Paul’s book

    • Posted 21st February 2020 ehadmin 9:29 am

      Hi Peter,

      Many thanks for contacting us about MGM British Studios (‘Hollywood In Hertfordshire’).

      We’re just completing proof reading the final copy and aim to receive the books in March. The price will be £20.

      In the meantime, I’ve started a list of requests and have put your name on that list.

      I’ll get back to you as soon as I have more information and we can then tie up payment and shipment details.

      Many thanks for your interest in our unique film and TV heritage.

      Bob Redman

    • Posted 9th January 2021 Damian Cluskey 3:22 am

      I would like to buy a copy

      • Posted 10th January 2021 ehadmin 6:54 pm

        Great to hear from you again Damian. Just visit the publications section on our website to place an order on-line. I’ve reserved a copy for you.

  • Posted 27th February 2021 David Hunt 11:14 am

    In 1978-9 I was working nights as a reach-truck driver at the Unicold-Walls cold store, and cooked dinner for 20 guys at 2am in the MGM building under the clock tower. We found it hard to find a regular cook who would work at night, so I volunteered. Bacon, sausage, eggs, beans, and chips every night, a bit of quiet, and two warm hours for me out of the -28C cold.

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